Update your system on your schedule. Continue to work while updates progress. Manage software using a variety of tools.
Ubuntu, Kubuntu, and most derivatives use Debian packages to install and update most software. The official documentation provides a great overview of all the pieces.
Upgrade your packages once a day. This keeps your system up-to-date with the latest security and feature enhancements. Updates on the Focus rarely cause issues because it ships with only 18.04 and 20.04 Long Term Support (LTS) designed to minimize breakage. The Focus team also run daily regression tests to identify and quickly fix issues.
Even with all these safeguards we still recommend delaying updates until after critical work is done for the day. Although glitches are rare, it is best to deal with them on your own terms.
The Discover package manager is the official KDE GUI to update, browse, install, and remove most software from the system. It is built on top of the
apt package system. Please refer to the documentation as needed.
The typical update procedure is illustrated below. Package updates are indicated by a blue dot in the system tray.
Click on the update indicator to review changes.
Update is clicked, Discover starts and the update list is refreshed.
Click on the
Update All button to start the process.
User authorization is required.
The update takes seconds or minutes depending on the number of packages.
After updates are complete Discover will appear as shown.
Discover can find, install or remove software.
One can manage software using the
apt package tools including
apt, apt-get, apt-cache, aptitude, and
wajig. We recommend using
apt for daily maintenance, and
aptitude when resolving more complex package issues.
Notice that the CLI tools use
update as the keyword to update the list of software, while
upgrade is used to install updated packages.
Q: You used to also show Muon as an option. What happened?
A: As of Fall 2020 Muon does not appear actively developed. In addition, Discover has gotten significantly faster and more powerful. As a result, we dropped Muon from this guide on 2020-09-28.
Q: Discover proxy settings gets stuck. How can I resolve this?
A: Enter the following commands and follow steps.
Q: I see the following error message when fetching software updates. This happens when using Discover or the command-line. How can I fix this?
A: This is due to expired key. This can be fixed as illustrated below.
The keyserver URL may alternately be
hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80. This This can be useful when working through firewalls. After updating the key, the error should be eliminated.
Q. I am seeing similar key issues with the QGIS repositories. Can I fix this too?
A: Yes. Try
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys F7E06F06199EF2F2 (thanks Justin!).
This is a partial revision history. See the
git repository for all entries.
2020-09-28 fb8295ecRemoved Muon as deprecated
2020-09-10 5f5c2fe5Added expired key actions in troubleshooting
2020-06-10 c4ed9299Restructure layout
We try hard to provide a useful solution validated by professionals. However, we cannot anticipate every situation, and therefore cannot guarantee this procedure will work for your needs. Always backup your data and test the solution to determine the correct procedure for you.
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